How are Amateur Radio operators “authorized” in Canada?
There is only one authorization to transmit - an Amateur Radio Operator Certificate with the Basic Qualification and Call Sign.
Morse Code is no longer required! With the Morse Code Qualification for 5 words per minute sending and receiving, added to your Basic Qualification, you receive all privileges on all the Amateur Radio bands below 30 MHz , except high power transmitter operation.
However, either a Morse code qualification or a "Basic with Honours" qualification (awarded to persons who get 80% or higher on the 100-question, multiple choice exam), allows access to HF. Passing a Morse Code test is no longer required in order to operate Amateur Radio equipment capable of world-wide communications!
With the Advanced Qualification added to your Basic Qualification you can build and operate your own transmitting equipment, sponsor a club station, run higher power and operate your own repeater station. To earn this requires passing a 50-question examination on radio theory.